historical sites

page 2


tips and insights

Capital city

Kaifeng was the capital of seven different Chinese dynasties. No other city comes even close to that number.


Kaifeng was devastated in 1642 when the retreating Ming Dynasty army opened the Yellow River flood gates to stop an invading force from the north. Hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians reportedly drowned. The city has also acutely suffered from natural Yellow River floods.

Jewish heritage

A colony of Jews settled in Kaifeng in the 12th century and had a close knit religious community with a busy synagogue until about the 19th century. In time, nearly all the Jews were assimilated by marriage into the Han culture.

Nearest major city

Kaifeng is 71 kilometers (44 miles) east of Zhengzhou, the current capital of Henan province.

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